Active speech suburban split united with Boyar and Strelets Fronde. Musketeers Corps whose social position one end rested against the "itinerant people", of which she was recruited, t. E. Was attached to the remains of the free peasant population, has not enslaved noble state. The other end of it rested against the agricultural peasants and townspeople, for the archers prepared for their services Land wages and salaries in cash. Statewide salary consisted of small plots, and character musketeers tenure has so far not been elucidated in literature, it is unknown whether it was personal or communal. Anyway, through the land of the salary of musketeers, especially provincial, fastened to the earth, from the "walk" on land man Sagittarius salary became smallholders, and an ordinary archer on the size put approached the farmer. Archers who received cash salaries, connecting with bread sometimes, and lived at the same time in the big cities, in their large villages were engaged in small-scale fisheries and trade - thereby in their economic situation, they stood in the same level with people townspeople. At the same time the archers enjoyed a number of benefits and advantages. In trade, they are places of permanent residence could trade "their bestamozhno crafts and duty-free", but under the condition that the value of the goods does not exceed the ruble. According to the court, they did not pay taxes to the small claims up to 12 rub .; they had their court and punishment other than "armed and tateynyh Affairs and larger claims." Rank Archer was not only life, but also hereditary privileges enjoyed not only servicemen archers, but also their relatives. This semi-feudal / 151 / fragment of the XVI century. in the XVII century. It becomes threatened with destruction. On the one hand, in XVII. Government moves the center of gravity on the salaries and allowances land, constraining this economic initiative of life and archers. On the other hand, it takes away their privileges on trade: according to Code of 1649 they had to pay a fee to the crafts and rents from shops. But the most dangerous was not the case. The most dangerous thing for the archers were new shelves foreign formation, soldiers and dragoons, as employees of the foreigners, and recruited from Russian. Musketeers infantry, not knowing no discipline, poorly armed, sedentary, who beat in the battle in all directions, could not compete with the new regime troops. Meanwhile shelves foreign formation became clear favorites of the Moscow government. Dragoons and soldiers of the Russian gave it the same benefits as the musketeers; but those were few and yet they were Russian. Foreigners also forgave it and get down absolutely everything. At last nasilnichane constantly petitions were submitted, from which it is clear that foreign soldiers' grievances and mending taxes (!) All kinds, in every commodity trading looted, people on the street were beaten and robbed ... priests seized, beaten and mutilated. " These conditions pushed strelets army in opposition to aristocratic government and brought him to the split; Believers in the musketeer regiments were a large majority.
Indian Wars of Canada, Mexico and the United States, 1812-1900
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